Natural-Fiber-Reinforced Chitosan, Chitosan Blends and Their Nanocomposites for Various Advanced Applications

Ilyas, Rushdan Ahmad and Aisyah, Humaira Alias and Nordin, Abu Hassan and Ngadi, Norzita and Zuhri, Mohamed Yusoff Mohd and Asyraf, Muhammad Rizal Muhammad and Sapuan, Salit Mohd and Zainudin, Edi Syams and Sharma, Shubham and Abral, Hairul and Asrofi, Mochamad and Syafri, Edi and Sari, Nasmi Herlina and Rafidah, Mazlan and Zakaria, Sharifah Zarina Syed and Razman, Muhammad Rizal and Majid, Nuriah Abd and Ramli, Zuliskandar and Azmi, Ashraf and Bangar, Sneh Punia and Ibrahim, Rushdan (2022) Natural-Fiber-Reinforced Chitosan, Chitosan Blends and Their Nanocomposites for Various Advanced Applications. Polymers.

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There has been much effort to provide eco-friendly and biodegradable materials for the next generation of composite products owing to global environmental concerns and increased awareness of renewable green resources. This review article uniquely highlights the use of green composites from natural fiber, particularly with regard to the development and characterization of chitosan, natural-fiber-reinforced chitosan biopolymer, chitosan blends, and chitosan nanocomposites. Natural fiber composites have a number of advantages such as durability, low cost, low weight, high specific strength, non-abrasiveness, equitably good mechanical properties, environmental friendliness, and biodegradability. Findings revealed that chitosan is a natural fiber that falls to the animal fiber category. As it has a biomaterial form, chitosan can be presented as hydrogels, sponges, film, and porous membrane. There are different processing methods in the preparation of chitosan composites such as solution and solvent casting, dipping and spray coating, freeze casting and drying, layer-by-layer preparation, and extrusion. It was also reported that the developed chitosan-based composites possess high thermal stability, as well as good chemical and physical properties. In these regards, chitosan-based “green” composites have wide applicability and potential in the industry of biomedicine, cosmetology, papermaking, wastewater treatment, agriculture, and pharmaceuticals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Depositing User: Nopan Permana Ok
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2023 07:56
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2023 07:56

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